Jefferson County

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Table of Contents
Urban and Rural Residence Race Persons of Spanish Origin School Enrollment
Educational Attainment Residence in 1985 Disability of Civilian Noninstitutionalized Persons Children Ever Born Per 1,000 Women
Veteran Status Nativity and Place of Birth Language Spoken at Home Ancestry
Income in 1989 Income Type in 1989 Poverty Status in 1989 Year Structure Built
Bedrooms Selected Characteristics Source of Water Sewage Disposal
House Heating Fuel Year Householder Moved Into Unit Telephone Vehicle Available
Mortgage Status and Selected Monthly Owner Costs Selected Monthly Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income in 1989 Gross Rent Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income in 1989
Labor Force Status Commuting to Work Occupation Industry
Class of Worker

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE

     Total population.....................................     37,020
Urban population..........................................     16,988
    Percent of total population...........................       45.9
Rural population..........................................     20,032
    Percent of total population...........................       54.1
  Farm population.........................................      2,423

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RACE

White.....................................................     34,741
Black.....................................................      1,923
American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut.........................         84
Asian or Pacific Islander.................................        122
Other race................................................        150

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PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN

Total.....................................................        306

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SCHOOL ENROLLMENT

     Persons 3 years and over enrolled in school..........      8,735
Preprimary school.........................................        509
Elementary or high school.................................      6,721
  Percent in private school...............................        2.8
College...................................................      1,505

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EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

  Persons 25 years and over...............................     24,023
Less than 9th grade.......................................      3,768
9th to 12th grade, no diploma.............................      3,462
High school graduate......................................      8,348
Some college, no degree...................................      4,032
Associates degree.........................................      1,695
Bachelor's degree.........................................      1,834
Graduate or professional degree...........................        884
Percent high school graduate or higher....................       69.9
Percent bachelor's degree or higher.......................       11.3

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RESIDENCE IN 1985

      Persons 5 years and over............................     34,296
Lived in same house.......................................     21,029
Lived in different house in U.S...........................     13,203
  Same State..............................................     11,277
    Same county...........................................      8,215
    Different county......................................      3,062
  Different State.........................................      1,926
Lived abroad..............................................         64

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DISABILITY OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS

      Persons 16 to 64 years..............................     21,978
With a mobility or self-care limitation...................        912
  With a mobility limitation..............................        616
  With a self-care limitation.............................        599
With a work disability....................................      2,439
    In labor force........................................        863
  Prevented from working..................................      1,365
      Persons 65 years and over...........................      5,778
With a mobility or self-care limitation...................      1,212
  With a mobility limitation..............................        997
  With a self-care limitation.............................        625

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CHILDREN EVER BORN PER 1,000 WOMEN

Women 15 to 24 years......................................        468
Women 25 to 34 years......................................      1,671
Women 35 to 44 years......................................      1,972

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VETERAN STATUS

Civilian veterans 16 years and over.......................      4,297
  65 years and over.......................................      1,315

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NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH

Native population.........................................     36,786
    Percent born in state of residence....................       81.7
Foreign-born population...................................        234
  Entered the U.S. 1980 to 1990...........................         55

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LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME

    Persons 5 years and over..............................     34,296
Speak a language other than English.......................        788
    Do not speak English 'very well'......................        186
  Speak Spanish...........................................        348
    Do not speak English 'very well'......................         99
  Speak Asian or Pacific Island language..................         54
    Do not speak English 'very well'......................         19

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ANCESTRY

  Total ancestries reported...............................     42,820
Arab......................................................         15
Austrian..................................................         49
Belgian...................................................         12
Canadian..................................................         18
Czech.....................................................         61
Danish....................................................         24
Dutch.....................................................      1,251
English...................................................      6,927
Finnish...................................................         22
French (except Basque)....................................      1,303
French Canadian...........................................        130
German....................................................     11,552
Greek.....................................................         64
Hungarian.................................................         58
Irish.....................................................      8,580
Italian...................................................        667
Lithuanian................................................         62
Norwegian.................................................        174
Polish....................................................      1,150
Portuguese................................................          0
Romanian..................................................          7
Russian...................................................         35
Scotch-Irish..............................................      1,031
Scottish..................................................        653
Slovak....................................................        103
Subsaharan African........................................          6
Swedish...................................................        527
Swiss.....................................................         51
Ukrainian.................................................          0
United States or American.................................      2,993
Welsh.....................................................        282
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)............          6
Yugoslavian...............................................         74
Other ancestries..........................................      4,933

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INCOME IN 1989

  Households..............................................     14,600
Less than $5,000..........................................      1,348
$5,000 to $9,999..........................................      2,097
$10,000 to $14,999........................................      1,752
$15,000 to $24,999........................................      2,731
$25,000 to $34,999........................................      2,381
$35,000 to $49,999........................................      2,305
$50,000 to $74,999........................................      1,448
$75,000 to $99,999........................................        271
$100,000 to $149,999......................................        179
$150,000 or more..........................................         88
Median household income (dollars).........................     22,397
  Families................................................     10,521
Less than $5,000..........................................        563
$5,000 to $9,999..........................................        848
$10,000 to $14,999........................................      1,090
$15,000 to $24,999........................................      2,053
$25,000 to $34,999........................................      2,011
$35,000 to $49,999........................................      2,075
$50,000 to $74,999........................................      1,371
$75,000 to $99,999........................................        250
$100,000 to $149,999......................................        172
$150,000 or more..........................................         88
Median family income (dollars)............................     28,750
  Nonfamily households....................................      4,079
Less than $5,000..........................................        809
$5,000 to $9,999..........................................      1,281
$10,000 to $14,999........................................        630
$15,000 to $24,999........................................        692
$25,000 to $34,999........................................        343
$35,000 to $49,999........................................        221
$50,000 to $74,999........................................         81
$75,000 to $99,999........................................         15
$100,000 to $149,999......................................          7
$150,000 or more..........................................          0
Median nonfamily household income (dollars)...............      9,656
Per capita income (dollars)...............................     11,279

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INCOME TYPE IN 1989

      Households..........................................     14,600
With wage and salary income...............................     10,273
  Mean wage and salary income (dollars)...................     29,113
With nonfarm self-employment income.......................      1,736
  Mean nonfarm self-employment income (dollars)...........     13,162
With farm self-employment income..........................        977
  Mean farm self-employment income (dollars)..............      5,257
With Social Security income...............................      4,825
  Mean Social Security income (dollars)...................      7,546
With public assistance income.............................      1,341
  Mean public assistance income (dollars).................      3,823
With retirement income....................................      2,377
  Mean retirement income (dollars)........................      6,271

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POVERTY STATUS IN 1989

  All persons for whom poverty status is determined.......     36,495
    Below poverty level...................................      5,860
Persons 18 years and over.................................     26,724
    Below poverty level...................................      3,797
  Persons 65 years and over...............................      5,778
    Below poverty level...................................        964
Related children under 18 years...........................      9,728
    Below poverty level...................................      2,020
  Related children under 5 years..........................      2,679
    Below poverty level...................................        742
  Related children 5 to 17 years..........................      7,049
    Below poverty level...................................      1,278
Unrelated individuals.....................................      4,695
    Below poverty level...................................      1,561
  All families............................................     10,521
    Below poverty level...................................      1,328
With related children under 18 years......................      5,344
    Below poverty level...................................        963
  With related children under 5 years.....................      2,127
    Below poverty level...................................        535
  Female householder families.............................      1,326
    Below poverty level...................................        626
With related children under 18 years......................        918
    Below poverty level...................................        539
  With related children under 5 years.....................        355
    Below poverty level...................................        313
       Percent below poverty level:
       ----------------------------
All persons...............................................       16.1
  Persons 18 years and over...............................       14.2
    Persons 65 years and over.............................       16.7
  Related children under 18 years.........................       20.8
    Related children under 5 years........................       27.7
    Related children 5 to 17 years........................       18.1
  Unrelated individuals...................................       33.2
All families..............................................       12.6
  With related children under 18 years....................       18.0
    With related children under 5 years...................       25.2
Female householder families...............................       47.2
  With related children under 18 years....................       58.7
    With related children under 5 years...................       88.2
      Total housing units.................................     16,075

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YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT

1989 to March 1990........................................        139
1985 to 1988..............................................        833
1980 to 1984..............................................      1,584
1970 to 1979..............................................      3,962
1960 to 1969..............................................      1,812
1950 to 1959..............................................      2,357
1940 to 1949..............................................      1,923
1939 or earlier...........................................      3,465

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BEDROOMS

No bedroom................................................        158
1 bedroom.................................................      1,640
2 bedrooms................................................      6,360
3 bedrooms................................................      6,471
4 bedrooms................................................      1,263
5 or more bedrooms........................................        183

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SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS

Lacking complete plumbing facilities......................        255
Lacking complete kitchen facilities.......................        253
Condominium housing units.................................         41

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SOURCE OF WATER

Public system or private company..........................     12,991
Individual drilled well...................................        461
Individual dug well.......................................      1,396
Some other source.........................................      1,227

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SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Public sewer..............................................      9,275
Septic tank or cesspool...................................      6,611
Other means...............................................        189
      Occupied housing units..............................     14,606

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HOUSE HEATING FUEL

Utility gas...............................................      7,128
Bottled, tank, or LP gas..................................      2,516
Electricity...............................................      3,441
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc...................................        330
Coal or coke..............................................         27
Wood......................................................      1,102
Solar energy..............................................          0
Other fuel................................................         32
No fuel used..............................................         30

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YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT

1989 to March 1990........................................      2,394
1985 to 1988..............................................      3,706
1980 to 1984..............................................      2,223
1970 to 1979..............................................      3,029
1960 to 1969..............................................      1,248
1959 or earlier...........................................      2,006

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TELEPHONE

No telephone in unit......................................      1,120

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VEHICLES AVAILABLE

  Occupied housing units..................................     14,606
None......................................................      1,474
1.........................................................      4,915
2.........................................................      5,672
3 or more.................................................      2,545

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MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS

Specified owner-occupied housing units....................      6,632
  With a mortgage.........................................      3,472
    Less than $300........................................        205
    $300 to $499..........................................      1,151
    $500 to $699..........................................      1,061
    $700 to $999..........................................        741
    $1,000 to $1,499......................................        248
    $1,500 to $1,999......................................         33
    $2,000 or more........................................         33
    Median (dollars)......................................        559
  Not mortgaged...........................................      3,160
    Less than $100........................................        118
    $100 to $199..........................................      1,449
    $200 to $299..........................................      1,175
    $300 to $399..........................................        320
    $400 or more..........................................         98
    Median (dollars)......................................        201

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SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1989

Specified owner-occupied housing units....................      6,632
  Less than 20 percent....................................      3,817
  20 to 24 percent........................................        916
  25 to 29 percent........................................        622
  30 to 34 percent........................................        391
  35 percent or more......................................        846
  Not computed............................................         40

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GROSS RENT

Specified renter-occupied housing units...................      3,741
  Less than $200..........................................        907
  $200 to $299............................................        846
  $300 to $499............................................      1,392
  $500 to $749............................................        308
  $750 to $999............................................         46
  $1,000 or more..........................................          0
  No cash rent............................................        242
  Median (dollars)........................................        300

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GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1989

Specified renter-occupied housing units...................      3,741
  Less than 20 percent....................................        974
  20 to 24 percent........................................        609
  25 to 29 percent........................................        425
  30 to 34 percent........................................        276
  35 percent or more......................................      1,159
  Not computed............................................        298

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LABOR FORCE STATUS

      Persons 16 years and over...........................     28,198
In labor force............................................     16,753
      Percent in labor force..............................       59.4
  Civilian labor force....................................     16,726
    Employed..............................................     15,038
    Unemployed............................................      1,688
      Percent unemployed..................................       10.1
  Armed Forces............................................         27
Not in labor force........................................     11,445
      Males 16 years and over.............................     13,292
In labor force............................................      9,639
      Percent in labor force..............................       72.5
  Civilian labor force....................................      9,612
    Employed..............................................      8,535
    Unemployed............................................      1,077
      Percent unemployed..................................       11.2
  Armed Forces............................................         27
Not in labor force........................................      3,653
      Females 16 years and over...........................     14,906
In labor force............................................      7,114
      Percent in labor force..............................       47.7
  Civilian labor force....................................      7,114
    Employed..............................................      6,503
    Unemployed............................................        611
      Percent unemployed..................................        8.6
  Armed Forces............................................          0
Not in labor force........................................      7,792
      Females 16 years and over...........................     14,906
With own children under 6 years...........................      2,340
  Percent in labor force..................................       49.6
With own children 6 to 17 years only......................      2,732
  Percent in labor force..................................       73.0
           Own children under 6 years in families and subfamilies...      3,172
All parents present in household in labor force...........      1,465
    Own children 6 to 17 years in families and subfamilies      6,379
All parents present in household in labor force...........      4,045
    Persons 16 to 19 years................................      2,036
Not enrolled in school and not high school graduate.......        184
  Employed or in Armed Forces.............................         60
  Unemployed..............................................         65
  Not in labor force......................................         59

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COMMUTING TO WORK

  Workers 16 years and over...............................     14,761
Percent drove alone.......................................       83.2
Percent in carpools.......................................        9.6
Percent using public transportation.......................        0.3
Percent using other means.................................        0.9
Percent walked or worked at home..........................        6.1
Mean travel time to work (minutes)........................       17.4

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OCCUPATION

  Employed persons 16 years and over......................     15,038
Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations.....      1,445
Professional specialty occupations........................      1,695
Technicians and related support occupations...............        460
Sales occupations.........................................      1,891
Administrative support occupations, including clerical....      2,010
Private household occupations.............................         93
Protective service occupations............................        170
Service occupations, except protective and household......      2,035
Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations................        539
Precision production, craft, and repair occupations.......      1,954
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors.............      1,119
Transportation and material moving occupations............        896
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.......        731

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INDUSTRY

  Employed person 16 years and over.......................     15,038
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries......................        562
Mining....................................................        445
Construction..............................................        813
Manufacturing, nondurable goods...........................      1,659
Manufacturing, durable goods..............................        926
Transportation............................................        674
Communications and other public utilities.................        309
Wholesale trade...........................................        617
Retail trade..............................................      3,197
Finance, insurance, and real estate.......................        785
Business and repair services..............................        703
Personal services.........................................        707
Entertainment, and recreation services....................        110
Health services...........................................      1,249
Educational services......................................        909
Other professional and related services...................        887
Public administration.....................................        486

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CLASS OF WORKER

  Employed persons 16 years and over......................     15,038
Private wage and salary workers...........................     11,923
Government workers........................................      1,689
  Local government workers................................        914
  State government workers................................        575
  Federal government workers..............................        200
Self-employed workers.....................................      1,278
Unpaid family workers.....................................        148